url_launcher 3.0.3

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  • Changelog
  • Example
  • Installing
  • 83

url_launcher #

pub package

A Flutter plugin for launching a URL in the mobile platform. Supports iOS and Android.

Usage #

To use this plugin, add url_launcher as a dependency in your pubspec.yaml file.

Example #

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:url_launcher/url_launcher.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(new Scaffold(
    body: new Center(
      child: new RaisedButton(
        onPressed: _launchURL,
        child: new Text('Show Flutter homepage'),

_launchURL() async {
  const url = 'https://flutter.io';
  if (await canLaunch(url)) {
    await launch(url);
  } else {
    throw 'Could not launch $url';

Supported URL schemes #

The launch method takes a string argument containing a URL. This URL can be formatted using a number of different URL schemes. The supported URL schemes depend on the underlying platform and installed apps.

Common schemes supported by both iOS and Android:

http:<URL> , https:<URL>, e.g. http://flutter.ioOpen URL in the default browser
mailto:<email address>?subject=<subject>&body=<body>, e.g. mailto:smith@example.org?subject=News&body=New%20pluginCreate email to
tel:<phone number>, e.g. tel:+1 555 010 999Make a phone call to
sms:<phone number>, e.g. sms:5550101234Send an SMS message to

More details can be found here for iOS and Android

Handling missing URL receivers #

A particular mobile device may not be able to receive all supported URL schemes. For example, a tablet may not have a cellular radio and thus no support for launching a URL using the sms scheme, or a device may not have an email app and thus no support for launching a URL using the email scheme.

We recommend checking which URL schemes are supported using the canLaunch method prior to calling launch. If the canLaunch method returns false, as a best practice we suggest adjusting the application UI so that the unsupported URL is never triggered; for example, if the email scheme is not supported, a UI button that would have sent email can be changed to redirect the user to a web page using a URL following the http scheme.

Browser vs In-app Handling #

By default, Android opens up a browser when handling URLs. You can pass forceWebView: true parameter to tell the plugin to open a WebView instead. On iOS, the default behavior is to open all web URLs within the app. Everything else is redirected to the app handler.

3.0.3 #

  • Added statusBarBrightness field to launch to set iOS status bar brightness.

3.0.2 #

  • Updated Gradle tooling to match Android Studio 3.1.2.

3.0.1 #

  • Fix a crash during Safari view controller dismiss.

3.0.0 #

  • Breaking change. Set SDK constraints to match the Flutter beta release.

2.0.2 #

  • Fixed Dart 2 issue: launch now returns Future<void> instead of Future<Null>.

2.0.1 #

  • Simplified and upgraded Android project template to Android SDK 27.
  • Updated package description.

2.0.0 #

  • Breaking change. Upgraded to Gradle 4.1 and Android Studio Gradle plugin 3.0.1. Older Flutter projects need to upgrade their Gradle setup as well in order to use this version of the plugin. Instructions can be found here.

1.0.3 #

  • Add FLT prefix to iOS types.

1.0.2 #

  • Fix handling of URLs in Android WebView.

1.0.1 #

  • Support option to launch default browser in iOS.
  • Parse incoming url and decide on what to open based on scheme.
  • Support WebView on Android.

1.0.0 #

  • iOS plugin presents a Safari view controller instead of switching to the Safari app.

0.4.2+5 #

  • Aligned author name with rest of repo.

0.4.2+2, 0.4.2+3, 0.4.2+4 #

  • Updated README.

0.4.2+1 #

  • Updated README.

0.4.2 #

  • Change to README.md.

0.4.1 #

  • Upgrade Android SDK Build Tools to 25.0.3.

0.4.0 #

  • Upgrade to new plugin registration.

0.3.6 #

  • Fix workaround for failing dynamic check in Xcode 7/sdk version 9.

0.3.5 #

  • Workaround for failing dynamic check in Xcode 7/sdk version 9.

0.3.4 #

  • Add test.

0.3.3 #

  • Change to buildToolsVersion.

0.3.2 #

  • Change to README.md.

0.3.1 #

  • Change to README.md.

0.3.0 #

  • Add canLaunch method.

0.2.0 #

  • Change launch to a top-level method instead of a static method in a class.

0.1.1 #

  • Change to README.md.

0.1.0 #

  • Initial Open Source release.


// Copyright 2017 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

import 'dart:async';

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:url_launcher/url_launcher.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(new MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new MaterialApp(
      title: 'URL Launcher',
      theme: new ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      home: new MyHomePage(title: 'URL Launcher'),

class MyHomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  MyHomePage({Key key, this.title}) : super(key: key);
  final String title;

  _MyHomePageState createState() => new _MyHomePageState();

class _MyHomePageState extends State<MyHomePage> {
  Future<Null> _launched;

  Future<Null> _launchInBrowser(String url) async {
    if (await canLaunch(url)) {
      await launch(url, forceSafariVC: false, forceWebView: false);
    } else {
      throw 'Could not launch $url';

  Future<Null> _launchInWebViewOrVC(String url) async {
    if (await canLaunch(url)) {
      await launch(url, forceSafariVC: true, forceWebView: true);
    } else {
      throw 'Could not launch $url';

  Widget _launchStatus(BuildContext context, AsyncSnapshot<Null> snapshot) {
    if (snapshot.hasError) {
      return new Text('Error: ${snapshot.error}');
    } else {
      return const Text('');

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    const String toLaunch = 'https://flutter.io';
    return new Scaffold(
      appBar: new AppBar(
        title: new Text(widget.title),
      body: new Center(
        child: new Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: <Widget>[
            const Padding(
              padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
              child: const Text(toLaunch),
            new RaisedButton(
              onPressed: () => setState(() {
                    _launched = _launchInBrowser(toLaunch);
              child: const Text('Launch in browser'),
            const Padding(padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0)),
            new RaisedButton(
              onPressed: () => setState(() {
                    _launched = _launchInWebViewOrVC(toLaunch);
              child: const Text('Launch in app'),
            const Padding(padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0)),
            new FutureBuilder<Null>(future: _launched, builder: _launchStatus),

Use this package as a library

1. Depend on it

Add this to your package's pubspec.yaml file:

  url_launcher: ^3.0.3

2. Install it

You can install packages from the command line:

with Flutter:

$ flutter pub get

Alternatively, your editor might support flutter pub get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

3. Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:url_launcher/url_launcher.dart';
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Learn more about scoring.

We analyzed this package on May 17, 2020, and provided a score, details, and suggestions below. Analysis was completed with status completed using:

  • Dart: 2.8.1
  • pana: 0.13.8-dev
  • Flutter: 1.17.0

Maintenance suggestions

Package is getting outdated. (-85.21 points)

The package was last published 96 weeks ago.


Package Constraint Resolved Available
Direct dependencies
Dart SDK >=2.0.0-dev.28.0 <3.0.0
flutter 0.0.0
Transitive dependencies
collection 1.14.12
meta 1.1.8
sky_engine 0.0.99
typed_data 1.1.6
vector_math 2.0.8
Dev dependencies